BIBLICAL INSTRUMENT SERIES
(Photo - Chotzotzerah in Arch of Titus)
What is a Chotzotzerah?
The Chotzotzerah (khats-o-tser-aw') is the silver trumpet used in the temple service.
The name of the instrument based on its piercing and surrounding sound that it makes.
Where is the Chotzotzerah in the Bible?
In the book of Numbers 10:2 it says: "The Lord said to Moses: Make two trumpets of hammered silver, and use them for calling the community together and for having the camps set out. When both are sounded, the whole community is to assemble before you at the entrance to the tent of meeting. If only one is sounded, the leaders - the heads of the clans of Israel - are to assemble before you. When a trumpet blast is sounded, the tribes camping on the east are to set out. At the sounding of the second blast, the camps on the south are to set out. The blast will be the signal for setting out. To gather the assembly, blow the trumpets, but not with the same signal.
The sons of Aaron, the priests, are to blow the trumpets. This is a lasting ordinance for you and generations to come When you go into battle in your own land against an enemy who is oppressing you, sound a blast on the trumpets. The you will be remembered by the LORD your God and rescued from your enemies. Also at your times of rejoicing - your appointed feasts and New Moon festivals - you are to sound the trumpets over your burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, and they will be a memorial for you before your God. I am the LORD your God.
(Note that the word for blowing of a Chotzotzerah, Chotzorer may also be referenced here)
2nd Kings 11:14
2nd Chronicles 5:13, 29:28
Numbers 10:2, 10:8, 10:9, 10:10, 29:1, 31:6
2 Kings 11:14, 12:13
1st Chronicles 13:8, 15:24, 15:28, 16:6, 16:42
2nd Chronicles 5:12, 5:13, 7:6
2nd Chronicles 3:12, 13:14, 15:14, 20:28, 23:13, 23:13, 29:26, 29:27
Nehemiah 12:35, 12:41
What information do we have on the Chotzotzerah?
Little information exists on Temple implements like the Chotzotzerah. Writings in the Talmud, painting, scriptural references together help paint the picture.
The Chotzotzerot (plural) where plundered from the temple by the Romans when Titus invaded. The arch of Titus was made by the Romans as a memorial to the event. For us, it gives a historic record of the Chotzotzerahs appearance.
Other early temple related illustrations show their depiction of the Chotzotzerah.
Interesting note: The word regarding walls enclosing a small town uses the same root word as Chotzotzerah. You could consider that the Lord was hitting Jericho with poetic justice.
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Written by: Daniel Bingamon 10/2/1999